Weather West: Unusually Dry Conditions Persist Into March
The following is an excerpt from a recent article on the Weather West Blog.
By Daniel Swain of Weather West
After late Jan atmospheric river deluge, a return to drier than average conditions
The main weather excitement of the season thus far was certainly the major late January atmospheric event that was the focus of my last blog post. Despite missing some the details during the early portion of the event (winds were stronger and precipitation less intense than originally predicted), the storm largely evolved as expected–stalling along the Central Coast and bringing very heavy double-digit rainfall totals there, as well as extremely heavy snowfall throughout the Sierra Nevada (on the order of 3-8 *feet* in many places). The Santa Cruz Mountains, where there was initially great concern regarding the potential for destructive debris flows following large and severe wildfire activity last summer–were largely spared any significant problems. More substantial impacts did occur in Monterey County and the adjacent Central Valley, where widespread flooding and significant debris flows occurred near wildfire burn areas. Among other infrastructure issues, an iconic stretch of Highway 1 along the Big Sur coast was (once again) washed into the ocean by one such debris flow.
Nearly all of California is far behind average precipitation for the Water Year to date, with the exception of a few small pockets in central CA where the major atmospheric river stalled a few weeks ago (where precip is near average). (climatetoolbox.org)
In some parts of the state, however, this single storm event brought essentially the only substantial rainfall of the entire season to date. As such, nearly all of California remains far behind average in the precipitation department for the Water Year (Oct 1) to date (with some very localized exceptions where seasonal totals are near average around where the AR stalled in January). Sierra Nevada snowpack has fallen slightly from its peak around 70% of average in late Jan to around 65% of average as of today–not terrible, but not great, either. The 2020-2021 season has, unfortunately, shaped up very much as seasonal predictive models suggested it would–with much drier than average conditions as of mid-February essentially statewide.
Cool and occasionally unsettled across NorCal, but much drier than average statewide
A strong and persistent Gulf of Alaska ridge will keep California generally much drier than average for the foreseeable future.
A strong and persistent ridge will build in the Gulf of Alaska in the coming days, leaving California in relatively cool but also relatively dry northerly or northwesterly flow. Weak cold systems will repeatedly brush NorCal over the next 10+ days–bringing a chance of occasional coastal showers and slightly more substantial mountain snowfall (down to 2,500 to 3,000 feet at times) at times. But these systems won’t be nearly enough to keep pace with average precipitation over the next couple of weeks during what is typically the wettest time of the year in California. And even less precipitation is expected across SoCal–there is at least a chance that some areas could see a complete February shut-out (much as portions of NorCal did last season). This could also be a windy pattern at times, with fairly strong surface pressure gradients arising from multiple “inside slider”-type systems over the Great Basin.
This is not a completely dry pattern (known as a “dirty ridge” scenario by some local meteorologists!), and there is a slight chance that a stronger/colder system could eventually dig southward a bit farther to the west than currently indicated–bringing more widespread cold showers to the state at some point during the next 10 days or so. But at the moment, this appears to be a pretty dry (if relatively cool) pattern for most of California.
Read the rest of the weather report here.