T Schultz 2 Oct 01, 2021 06:27 PM Osteopath Discussions about osteopaths need to be differentiated from discussions about Osteopathic Physicians. THERE ARE TWO BRANCHES OF MEDICINE THAT FULLY LICENSE PHYSICIANS IN THE UNITED STATES: M.D. and D.O. Currently, the term “osteopath” (in the US) is used as a colloquial/historical reference to the other branch (non-MD) of fully licensed physicians who ‘specialize in osteopathic manipulation’. More generally and to most “citizens of the world’, it refers to the growing number of osteopathically foreign-trained ”Doctors of Osteopathy”, who use the noun osteopath to define the scope of their practice. This license is found in abundance in the UK, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and most of Europe. Their license is limited to physical treatment, not surgical or pharmaceutical management associated with patient care. The American Osteopathic Association recognizes a specialty branch and board certification associated with physicians trained in Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine. Although that certification is not exclusive as a replacement to the term ‘osteopath’, it has a very similar colloquial association in America. The exception being, a Neuromusculoskeletal physician is fully licensed in their scope of practice, unlike the ‘osteopath’ whose license is limited, as is their medical training. I refer to myself as an Osteopathic Physician with a board certification in Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine…., but my friends and former patients know that I am an Osteopath. It suggests that I have ‘roots’ in the traditional practice of “hands-on” medicine, misleading until it is understood.