Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

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By Jerry Roberts of Newsmakers

Last month, Google reported more online searches of the phrase "critical race theory" than of "Joe Biden," the President of the United States.

You could look it up.

As the national debate about racism has proliferated in the year since the murder of George Floyd at the hands of a Minneapolis police officer, "critical race theory" has emerged as a kind of totem of the political conflict over race -- transforming from a once-obscure legal theory into an all-purpose symbol wielded primarily by conservatives to attack liberal policies and notions.

At a time when more than a dozen Republican-controlled states are moving to pass laws banning certain teachings about racism which they attribute to "critical race theory" - while parents in public school districts across the nation are pushing the matter front and center locally - Newsmakers invited UCSB educator Jean Beaman on the program for a conversation to help clarify some of the basic facts and concepts about the controversy.

With a Phd from Northwestern University, Dr. Beaman now is an Associate Professor of Sociology at UCSB, with affiliations with the Political Science and Global Studies departments, as well as the university's Center for Black Studies Research.

"Part of why we're seeing such a backlash, is that what people are attacking is not actually critical race theory -- it's their own sort of perverted version of what it is," she told us.

"So part of what you're seeing now, with these laws that you've mentioned, is a sort of backlash to addressing the fact that racism is still a major problem in our society," Beaman added.

Check out our conversation with Dr. Jean Beaman via YouTube below or by clicking through on this link. The podcast version is here.

Some key excerpts, edited for length and clarity.

Q: What is critical race theory – how would you define it?

A: Critical race theory is a legal framework, that is taught in law schools and in some sociology programs. Essentially, it's a way of understanding how race and racism are not abnormal or aberrational, but rather endemic to the structural foundation of our society.

Critical race theory, among other things, allows us to understand that race and racial categories are social constructions -- not biological realities. So it's a legal framework; what people interpret it to be now is totally different, but that's the actual definition of what it is.

Q: How and why the definition has been expanded to include a large number of other issues and matters involving race?

A: Essentially I think what's happened is, since the death of George Floyd and the subsequent uprisings, not just throughout our country, but really throughout much of Europe and the rest of the world, there's been this backlash to talking about racism as "systemic.''

So part of what you're seeing now, with these laws that you've mentioned, is a sort of backlash to addressing the fact that racism is still a major problem in our society. This is a natural, quote unquote, reaction to actually addressing issues of racism.

It’s also frankly a backlash to the ongoing Black Lives Matter movement, which has gotten more and more attention, especially since the death of George Floyd. So I think what we're seeing now is a conservative response to that movement…

Part of why we're seeing such a backlash to “critical race theory,” is that what people are attacking is not actually critical race theory, it's their own sort of perverted version of what it actually is.

Q: What is “systemic" or "structural" racism? How would you define it?

A: This is often how I explain it to my students at UCSB, in my courses on race and ethnicity: Essentially what happened in U.S. history is that we had the civil rights movement, the various movements of the 1960s. And one of the things that came out of that movements was various kinds of civil rights legislation – the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act, etc.

And how this often is interpreted years later, is that structural racism, or racism at the level of the government, is over, and the only racism that exists is at the level of individuals, or individual hearts and minds, if you will.

(But) a framework as a sociologist, thinking about structural or systemic racism, is like, "okay, hold up.’ Yes, we had all these gains of the civil rights movement, but that didn't end, for example, persistent housing discrimination, or segregation in our public schools, or these sorts of things."

So structural systemic racism is a way of thinking about how racism still permeates the institutions in our society, even if it's technically illegal. The point of a systemic racism focus is to think about how, even with those laws, we still see the perpetuation of racial inequality.

On '"colorblind racism."

Another way of thinking about this, that I talk about also in courses, is a framework of colorblind racism. One of the things the civil rights movement did, and the movements of that era did, besides changing laws, also changed our everyday norms of talking about race.

Obviously there are exceptions, but it's no longer socially acceptable to openly use a racial epithet in everyday conversation. We understand this, living in society, yet people still have these racial biases. The racial biases don't go away just because we have the Voting Rights Act of 1965, for example…

Colorblind racism is, again, the sociological way of thinking about how people explain racial inequality without using the language of race. I'll give you an example: One thing that people do when they try to explain residential segregation is say, ‘well, it's not a question of race. It's a question of white people like to live near white people and Black people like to live near Black people.’

And that's a way of completely ignoring the decades-long history of housing discrimination in our society. It’s one way of talking about racial difference without actually talking about race. And again, a focus on systemic racism allows us to unpack these patterns.

Q: Critical race theory and the idea of systemic racism rest on an analysis of the U.S. as a series of power relationships. That's very different than the idea of a country based on the traditional, Enlightenment liberal order.

A: Absolutely. Some people are very invested in the United States being founded on particular ideals. So when you really get into the history of slavery -- and this is thinking about Nikole Hannah-Jones and the 1619 Project, and why it's so resonant, and why the backlash is so strong -- is precisely because people are so invested in that narrative.

If you say - ‘well, actually these ideals that form what we understand the United States to be happened simultaneously with the subjugation of African Americans, and the simultaneous genocide of indigenous Americans’ - that offends that notion. Bringing those things together offends people, which is partly why you're seeing this backlash, but not just conservatives, more widespread…

We all live in a society. Even though we're individuals, we're still living in a society established in particular social structures that we either accept or confront, or both.

Q: Advocates for anti-racism policies and education use the word "equity" to discuss results and outcomes - a change from the word “equality” that was at the center of the civil rights movement. What's the difference?

A: This is sort of a broader way of understanding systemic racism. When we take certain ideas, whether they be laws, or ideologies of societies, and hold them up as race neutral- are they really race neutral?

Critical race theory, for example, gives us a framework to understand the fact that the law itself, or the construction of the law, has never been race neutral. And so of course that obviously offends various people who are invested in the quote, unquote, rule of law.

I would say the same thing about the example of school test scores. So these have been seen as neutral…evidence of merit. Okay, well, what's behind them? If you actually look at the history of standardized test scores, you look at the history of IQ tests, for example, they very much were designed as a way to promote white advancement, to the detriment of non-whites.

And so when we use them in a contemporary and present society, the idea is not so much that we should necessarily disregard them, but regard them, or identify them, in a particular context that addresses this broader history. So it's not so much to say that the idea itself is racist, but rather these tests themselves, the way they're constructed, has a racist history. We have to keep that in mind.

Q: Is race the only, or the primary, factor that goes into forming differences in equity outcomes?

A: I think this is a topic of debate, even among scholars who study race and racism. I would say in brief the idea here is that there wouldn't be a measurable outcome that's determined just by race. So that you couldn't say that X group got whatever opportunity over Y group, and the only thing that distinguishes between them is race. That's what you want to avoid, ostensibly.

And so one way that social scientists think about this, or have measured this, for example, is the idea of audit studies. So taking two CVs or resumes that are identical, the only thing that's different is some kind of racial marker of one person being white and the other person being non-white. And so you don't want there to be a statistically significant difference in the number of callbacks, because if the resumes are the same, there shouldn't be any difference.

But many studies have shown over the years, there always is a difference -- there always are more callbacks, or more calls to interviews, or being hired for people who are categorized as white versus not.

So that's an example of what I mean in terms of equality versus equity of outcomes. You want there to not be a statistically significant difference that you can then subscribe to a racial difference.

Q: What do you make of the arguments used in pushing these state laws that seek to ban certain teachings about systemic racism?

A: I think that’s an unfortunate criticism, speaking both as a sociologist and as a Black American, because I think we often are afraid to make white people uncomfortable, even at an early age.

For me personally, I was first called the “N-word” when I was eight years old. And so there's a way in which learning - we're not afraid to make Black kids uncomfortable in public schools. We've been doing that for hundreds of years. So it's like part of this backlash is really about whose lives, or who we're trying to comfort in this curricula.

One of the states that has one of these (anti-critical race theory) laws was banning discussion of the history of Ruby Bridges, who integrated that public school. And so again, I mean, she's a living person. She's still alive. She's only in her sixties.

Again, it's not even critical race theory. It's not even teaching the history of public school segregation, which existed up until very recently, historically speaking, in our society.

I mean, that's not critical race theory. That's just history.

And I think that's really scary, that kids are not able to, in the K-12 system, learn about these things that actually literally happened to actual people that are still alive because it's seen to make certain people uncomfortable. I think that's very disturbing.

Whereas for me, as a Black woman, as someone who learned about the history of Ruby Bridges at a younger age, it was inspiring for me to learn of a Black girl who integrated her school at such a young age. I mean, obviously when I was younger, I didn't understand the whole history around it, but nonetheless, I think that does a different kind of work.

And it's really unfortunate that not just Black kids, but just all kids, can't even learn about that history with these kinds of laws. I mean, it's really, I think it's really dangerous.

Q: In the best-selling book, "White Fragility," the author Robin DiAngelo writes that, “The question in any situation is not, did racism take place, but, how did racism manifest?” When people look at that, sometimes you say, how do we ever get out of this then? Where does that end? What's the end point? How do we measure success?

A: Well, that's the million dollar question. If I knew the best answer, I probably wouldn't need a day job...But in all seriousness, I mean, I think it's having discussions like this. I think it's talking about it. And that's why I think it's not being afraid to have these sort of quote unquote uncomfortable conversations.

So personally, I feel really fortunate that I'm able to teach courses on race and racism at UCSB and really unpack this with students, because we just don't have a lot of opportunities in our society and our lives to actually talk about these things seriously, with actual data, with actual research. I think that's something that's missing. That's why we sort of get away from it.

That's one of the dangers of these laws. Not talking about it actually gets us further away from where people pretend to want to go. Actually ignoring a problem doesn't solve a problem. And as a college educator, as a college professor, I spend a lot of time in my courses having students unlearn what they learned in the K-12 system, to be honest, because they don't learn about racism as something that's true in present society – it’s something that happened like five billion years ago.

And so I have to really unpack with them what exactly the civil rights movement was, what the different laws that were passed, what the legacy of that is. What does the current data say about, for example, public school segregation or the Black, white wealth gap?

These are the things that I wish we were able to talk about in the K-12 system, so that in college, we don't have to spend so much time really teaching students things that they could've learned a lot earlier.

Q: Opponents of critical race theory often use a quote by Martin Luther King – kids should be judged on the content of their character, not the color of their skin – in support of their position on this. How do you respond to that argument?

A: I think this is frankly a deliberate misreading of the words of Martin Luther King….He actually has many writings about the sort of persistence of systemic racism and how it's not just so much in the minds of individual white people, but it actually is a broader issue of white society or white dominated society.

The other thing that I think that is really important to keep in mind, and why critical race theory is talked about so much now, is that we continue to have this sort of narrative in the United States of always forward racial progress.

On a "post-racial" U.S.

I'm sure you remember when Barack Obama was first elected, it was sort of like, ‘Yay, USA is post racial,’ whatever that means. And it's always this idea of ,we had hundreds of years of slavery and now we have our first Black president, so the slate is wiped clean.

And then you had the election of Donald Trump. People had to think about a way to explain that. And then it's, okay, well there's some individual racists, but it doesn't actually mean the U.S. is racist.

So I think part of what you're seeing right now is people trying to make sense of both those things. How can we have two terms of Barack Obama as president, and then have whatever Trump was in the same society that's ostensibly always better than it was before?

Like, we're always better than we were 50 years ago. Ostensibly, 50 years from now, we'll be better than where we are right now. We're always moving in a forward direction, versus what has actually historically been true, which is there's always two steps forward, one step back.

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NonBidenary Jul 21, 2021 10:24 AM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

This nonsense can be summed up in a couple of sentences. If you’re white, you’re racist. If you’re anything else, you’re not.

I expect a lot of comments on this article to be deleted, including mine.

MarcelK Jul 21, 2021 01:24 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Wearing on your sleeve, eh? Funny how so much can be predicted from the username.

"what people are attacking is not actually critical race theory -- it's their own sort of perverted version of what it is ... what you're seeing now, ... is a sort of backlash to addressing the fact that racism is still a major problem in our society"

PitMix Jul 21, 2021 11:58 AM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

I was about to answer your question but realized you couldn't be serious.

I very much appreciate the info provided in this interview and have a better understanding of the terms than I did before.

a-1626899054 Jul 21, 2021 01:24 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Your right he is, because southern states like Texas are introducing bills where the KKK should be portrayed as "morally wrong."


MarcelK Jul 21, 2021 01:44 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

1:24 PM you have the bill kind of backwards. Texas is removing the requirement for teaching that the KKK was morally wrong ... which is sort of odd because the KKK were almost entirely Democrats, but I guess that's secondary to making slavery and racism great again. What Texas especially doesn't want to talk about, and they already have a bunch of laws on the books to prevent it, is the fact that Davy Crockett and the rest of the Alamo bunch were defending slavery, which Mexico was opposed to.

sacjon Jul 21, 2021 03:24 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

COAST - your problem is that you clearly have no idea what CRT teaches. You're making things up....again. Why shouldn't we teach in schools that people of color have been oppressed and that racism once ruled our country? Do you want to ignore all that or are you just saying since you, a white straight male, don't think racism is a problem anymore and therefore, we shouldn't teach about it? Which is it?

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 03:36 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Sac - A question: what age do you think we should introduce the concepts of CRT into school? Because that seems like a critical point that often gets glossed over… are we talking about introducing those questions and concepts to 6 year olds or to 16 year olds?

sacjon Jul 21, 2021 04:00 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

DUKE - Do we teach US history to 6 year olds? Not at my kids' school lol! We should teach an appropriate level (like we teach all other subjects) at the time they start learning about history and social studies (Grade 4 or so). Kids learn that racism is bad at a young age, no reason to avoid touching the topic in an age appropriate manner.

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 04:13 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Sac - It seems more of a High School appropriate topic (CRT, not racism) then 4th grade to me. It seems like (for 9 year olds) we should be making sure everyone is reading at grade level and has their multiplication tables down pat. I just don't see 4th graders having the cognitive abilities at that age to understand/appreciate/engage with/unpack/debate the nuances of "systemic racism". Why don't we just go ahead and kick that to a bit of an older crowd then 9 year olds for

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 07:43 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

But who is deciding what’s age appropriate? Our school loaded up on the anti racist baby picture book during a fundraiser at the end of the year… is kindergarten appropriate???

letmego Jul 22, 2021 11:25 AM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Well, critical race theory seems to be a higher level of content. As a parent of both an elementary kid and a high schooler - I'd say that the now required Ethnic studies class appropriately discussed the topic in 9th grade. Also, my younger child (3rd grade) does learn a bit about racism in his social studies. Obviously, not to the depth of what would be considered Critical Race Theory. They studied Rosa Parks and MLK Jr. during Black History Month. They learned about Cesar Chavez.

sacjon Jul 22, 2021 11:31 AM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

LETMEGO - exactly. It's not a set curriculum or anything as I understand it, it's more concepts that can be taught at most grade levels to some degree.

Keep in mind, the backlash against CRT is not genuine or as I love MARCELK's term "intellectually honest." Sadly, many Americans are uncomfortable about realizing their white privilege. This is just another excuse to avoid addressing racism and diversity. It's the new conservative bogeyman. Nothing more.

dukemunson Jul 22, 2021 12:14 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Studying about Rosa Parks, MLK Jr and Cesar Chavez is studying history, while CRT is a lens through which to study history. That lens, as far as I can tell, doesn't seem appropriate for grade school. Seems like we should stick with history, reading and math so that when the kids hit higher grades they have the foundation to actually unpack things. Perhaps it's a subtle difference of thought that doesn't really matter that much...seems like we should be much more focused on bringing our reading and math comprehension levels up.

a-1627012007 Jul 22, 2021 08:46 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

CRT is not taught!
It is a framework for analysis. It is a socio-historical and political theory that provides an analytical framework.
"Critical Race Theory" is not taught in grade or middle schools, maybe it's addressed in high schools. But the basis of CRT IS history.
The real question is how is America, and how are school districts, going to teach history?

ChillinGrillin Jul 21, 2021 03:59 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

The cons are acting like this is some new existential threat to their laughable curriculum of teaching about Jesus riding on dinosaurs. CRT is a graduate-level concept that has been around since the 70's. Yet another pathetic attempt to change the conversation away from actual issues. I actually hope Dump runs again on this inconsequential drivel so he can lose 60/40 lol

Chip of SB Jul 21, 2021 05:02 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

I think the push to introduce CRT into the public school curriculum in conjunction with the Covid protocols that have been implemented will lead to interesting new developments and changes in education. These factors have resulted in record numbers of families homeschooling their children. I think we will start to see more families pull their children out of public schools, more homeschooling, and increased enrollment in private schools among those who can afford it. It will be interesting to see how these trends play out.

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 05:50 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Most of the Families we know that can afford it! Not obviously just for that, but it’s not like our public schools are particularly exemplary. And 2020 didn’t catch our school district at its best. Add in the potential of them keeping masking going much longer and your 6-8 year old not being introduced to graduate level theories of race and… private sounds pretty good!!! (That 10-20k per year tuition bill… not so much!!!)

Chip of SB Jul 21, 2021 06:23 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Affluent families are pulling out of public schools. Private school is costly, and homeschooling requires one parent or a small group of parents to have the ability to have someone stay home through the work week. An unfortunate consequence of this trend could be a decline in the quality of public education, and an increasing disparity in educational outcomes between more affluent families and less affluent families. I think some sort of program that would allow parents to take the money that would have been allocated for their children at a public school and apply it to the cost of a private school or homeschooling would help address this by empowering parents with less financial means to decide what educational path is right for their children. However, I think there is a tremendous amount of resistance to giving lower income parents and the financial means to choose how their children are educated.

a-1626919249 Jul 21, 2021 07:00 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Actually, Chips evasive answer is a perfect demonstration of the sort of ingrained racism these classes are meant to combat. To sum it up:

"If those black people would just choose better education, jobs, and neighborhoods than they do, then magically their lives would be better! It's all up to them."

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 07:47 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Sac - anyone and everyone that can!!! We’re going to push CRT to 7 year olds that can’t read or do math beyond simply arithmetic?? It’s insane… truly and completely…

sacjon Jul 21, 2021 08:00 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

DUKE - 4th graders should be able to read. Why is it so awful to teach that racism is bad an age appropriate level? Not going into legal analysis or in depth critical thinking or anything, just teaching to recognize certain things. They already learn that at a young age anyway. Treating each other with kindness and respect. No one is saying we're going to teach 7 year olds the nitty gritty of how white people f*)(#ed over the blacks, asians, non-white immigrants for hundreds of years. That comes later, when they study US History and Social Studies in middle school.

Calm down man. This is not the look you want. If you think it's OK to pull your kids from school over CRT, then I have NOTHING more to say to you.

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 08:16 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Many of our local 4th graders struggle with reading… why or how is that shocking to you? And yes Students are (and should be) taught that racism is bad… what CRT is pushing is obviously much beyond that. Which you realize right? The Critical Race theory takes it much further than racism is bad… like seriously you have read the article and obviously countless other ones right. It’s not age appropriate. I’m for sex education… but if we push that on 7 year olds that’s nutty and I’m out. This is the same thing. It’s not age appropriate for primary school.

And… I’m quite calm!! I’ve got a lagunitas in hand and enjoying sunset… do I not seem it? Cheers either way…

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 08:19 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

And I guess as a follow up, school is incredibly long so maybe there is time to add additional teaching elements and subjects but… we really are behind in math and reading. As you said, kids “should read” in 4th grade… a lot of them do at a 1st grade level though. Perhaps an emphasis on math and reading should be of paramount importance in primary school and we can approach this at an age appropriate time (which isn’t grade school).

dukemunson Jul 21, 2021 08:29 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Sac - it means you haven’t grasped what CRT is. It potentially has a lot of merit… but not for the primary school audience. What you are advocating for makes sense… but it doesn’t actually have anything to do with CRT. The current teaching embodies what you are saying and advocating for. CRT advocacy and teaching are much different. Perhaps another look and dive in might in order as to how it could wildly differ from teaching about “kindness and respect”.

sacjon Jul 21, 2021 10:33 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

DUKE - CRT, like every single subject taught in schools, can be adapted to different ages. But.... that's beside my point. My outrage is with those who remove their kids from schools that teach it. It's one thing to say it should be taught only when age appropriate, it's quite another to remove your kid from school because they teach it at all. Anyone doing that would be better off in Tennessee or the 1950s.

Refusing to allow your child to be taught CRT is just low and gross.

dukemunson Jul 22, 2021 06:57 AM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Sac - this is probably more like the straw that broke the camels back for the majority of people that are taking their kids out of school and into private schools. There are obviously a myriad of issues with our current school system, and that’s when they are actually in session!

The possibility of “age appropriate CRT” (who’s making that judgement call?) is probably a lot lower on the concern list for most than whether schools are actually going to stay open this Fall (and/or enforce a never ending mask requirement)… but you start adding these things together and private school looks better every single day!

And like sex Ed, there is a time and place. We shouldn’t be getting into that in 2nd or 3rd grade, that would be inappropriate (or at the very least have the capacity to be wildly inappropriate based on the “age appropriate” determination of each individual teacher). Similarly, what are age appropriate grade school CRT teachings? CRT is grad school level debate.

Let’s obviously teach about the evils of racism and our history (with all its warts and wrongdoings included)… but that’s not CRT!! I mean what possible element of CRT is 6 to 10 year old appropriate in a class setting?

Ahchooo Jul 22, 2021 10:10 AM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

I’d love to hear from some teachers in the local public schools. How do they teach about racism? Is there a prescribed curriculum, or is it integrated into history classes when appropriate? Do they teach civics or current affairs? I don’t have kids in school. How much autonomy does each teacher have?

sacjon Jul 22, 2021 10:20 AM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

DUKE - I never said 2nd or 3rd grade. Of course that's too young for the nuances of systemic racism, as is 4th or 5th grade even. You'd be surprised how well teachers can teach subjects in an age appropriate manner. If we're teaching 5th graders about sex, why can't we start teaching them about how slavery had lasting effects on the African American population?

CRT is not, contrary to most comments here, teaching that if you're white, you're racist. That's simplistic and untrue. What do you think CRT is?

sacjon Jul 22, 2021 02:12 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

AHCHOOO - my brother is a local elementary teach and they don't "teach CRT," they just discuss different perspectives and how to identify racism and basically just how to acknowledge and understand that racial minorities have a different life experience due to their skin color. They aren't doing classes or even sectional instruction on CRT, just incorporating these ideas into discussion and using other teaching opportunities to include it in the lessons.

Here's a great article for all those freaking out about their kids being "taught CRT":

a-1627012507 Jul 22, 2021 08:55 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Please show us where CRT is being used in public school curriculum and break it down into primary, middle and high school.
Or just tell us where it is being taught in grade and middle schools in the USA. Or just in grade schools. Thank you.

a-1627012652 Jul 22, 2021 08:57 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

SacJon, I addressed this to D. Munson, but also address it to you:

Please show us where CRT is being used in public school curriculum and break it down into primary, middle and high school.
Or just tell us where it is being taught in grade and middle schools in the USA. Or just in grade schools. Thank you.

a-1627012890 Jul 22, 2021 09:01 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

Your 2:12 post addresses my question.

This entire discussion is so intellectually sloppy that it's impossible to take part in
people are conflating and equating education about racism with however they define the bugaboo of Critical Race Theory.

dukemunson Jul 22, 2021 09:10 PM
Newsmakers: A Conversation About Critical Race Theory

As I stated, CRT is a lens through which to study history. I don’t think that lens is appropriate for grade school. I didn’t say it was currently being used… but i would oppose it being used for grade school kids in the future, which is obviously (and seemingly inevitably) where this is headed.


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