Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest title=
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest
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Source: Environmental Defense Center

A coalition of environmental, business, and recreational organizations—joined by the County of Ventura and the City of Ojai—filed suit in federal court today to challenge a commercial logging and vegetation removal project atop Pine Mountain and Reyes Peak in the Los Padres National Forest.  

The project area—equivalent in size to 575 American football fields—is located on ancestral lands of the Chumash. It is historically and culturally important to Indigenous people, popular with locals and tourists for a range of recreational activities, designated critical habitat for the endangered California condor, and home to other sensitive wildlife, rare plants, old-growth conifer forests, and unique ecosystems. 

As today’s legal actions against the U.S. Forest Service note, more than one-third of the project area is in a protected roadless area that has never been degraded by commercial logging or other industrial activities. The area is proposed for wilderness protection under the bipartisan Central Coast Heritage Protection Act (H.R. 2199), now awaiting final approval in the Senate. 

“We’re proud to stand with Indigenous leaders, local businesses, conservation and recreation groups, and city and county governments in demanding a more thoughtful environmental review of this harmful project,” said Los Padres ForestWatch executive director Jeff Kuyper. “Pine Mountain must be protected, not offered up to logging companies using loopholes that make a mockery of our bedrock environmental laws.”  

“There is no question that Reyes Peak will be adversely affected by this logging project, which authorizes the removal of large trees in an area that includes unique ‘sky island’ habitat, sacred cultural sites, potential wilderness, and sensitive wildlife,” said Maggie Hall, Senior Attorney at the Environmental Defense Center. “The Forest Service’s approval of the project despite these impacts violates several important environmental laws.”  

“This commercial logging project will hack a brutal scar through one of Los Padres National Forest’s most beautiful roadless areas,” said Justin Augustine, a senior attorney at the Center for Biological Diversity. “The Forest Service wants to let chainsaws chew up old-growth conifers and crucial habitat for wildlife. It’s immoral, it’s illegal and we hope to stop it in court.” 

“Logging projects like this, conducted under the guise of deceptive euphemisms like ‘thinning’ and ‘fuel reduction’, not only damage wildlife habitat but also tend to increase overall wildfire severity by reducing the shade of the forest canopy and creating a hotter, drier, and windier microclimate,” said Dr. Chad Hanson, forest and fire ecologist with the John Muir Project of Earth Island Institute. 

“The Forest Service seems to have no concern about logging many thousands of old-growth conifers from Pine Mountain,” said Alasdair Coyne, conservation director at Keep Sespe Wild. “These ‘sky islands’ of giant trees only survive at the rare high elevation peaks of Southern California's National Forests. Threatened by climate change, they need protection, not logging."  

“Pine Mountain is 90 minutes from our corporate headquarters in Ventura and the area is important to our employees and customers because of its outdoor recreation opportunities including rock climbing, hiking and camping,” said Hans Cole, head of Environmental Activism at Patagonia. “This mountain is also home to old-growth conifers and some of the most diverse and unique habitats in the Los Padres National Forest. We have opposed this project since it was unveiled in 2020, we have been advocating for more conservation of this area since the Central Coast Heritage Protection Act was introduced in the U.S. Senate in 2017, and we have been supporting the grassrootsenvironmentalists protecting Los Padres National Forest since 2004.” 

"The unique geology, ancient forests, and primitive setting of Pine Mountain make it a premier climbing and outdoor recreation destination " said Taylor Luneau, Policy Manager at the American Alpine Club. "More than just threatening the future of this regional recreation hub, the Reyes Peak Project endangers the viability of an important biological hotspot and carbon reserve, degrades a sacred Chumash site, and undermines several of our most prized environmental laws. We hope this legal challenge will protect the recreation experience and the many natural and cultural resources of Pine Mountain, as well as encourage the Forest Service to more intentionally look before they leap." 

The project would allow unlimited mechanized cutting and removal of live and dead trees of any age up to two feet in diameter and an undisclosed number of trees up to five feet in diameter as well as the destruction of chaparral across 755 acres. 

The lawsuits were filed in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California in Los Angeles allege violations of the National Environmental Policy Act, Roadless Area Conservation Rule, Endangered Species Act, National Forest Management Act, and take aim at the Forest Service’s failure to collaborate with stakeholders. Such collaboration is required whenever the Forest Service relies on a categorical exclusion under the National Environmental Policy Act to expedite a project.   

Originally designed for small maintenance projects like painting buildings, categorical exclusions allow forest officials to bypass standard requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) to consider project alternatives and conduct a detailed study of potential impacts on the area’s unique ecosystems—studies the plaintiffs say are crucial to the protection of important environmental, recreational, and cultural resources.  

The plaintiffs claim that the Forest Service violated the 2001 Roadless Area Conservation Rule’s prohibition on the removal of larger trees. The suit also alleges violations of the Endangered Species Act for allowing the removal of an unlimited number of large trees in which endangered California condors roost, providing places to rest during long flights across the landscape. The project would also harm rare California spotted owls, northern goshawks, rare plants, and two species of bats whose populations are declining. 

Lastly, the plaintiffs allege that the project violates the National Forest Management Act because the agency failed to comply with the Los Padres National Forest Plan standards that protect scenic integrity and the natural character of the area. Clearing thousands of trees and hundreds of acres of chaparral on Pine Mountain, an area prized for its natural beauty and abundant outdoor recreation opportunities, is a drastic elimination of native vegetation with effects that will linger for generations and is not allowed under the 2005 Forest Plan for the Los Padres National Forest. 

The project was approved over the objection of local elected officials, Indigenous leaders, scientists, more than 30 area businesses, 70 environmental and social justice organizations, and 15,000 members of the public. Those objections amounted to a multitude of comments many times greater than any single project in Los Padres National Forest has received. Despite this unprecedented level of community opposition, the Forest Service failed to make any meaningful changes to the project and approved it in September 2021. 

The project is part of a spate of proposals issued during the Trump Administration when timber targets were increased, the use of categorical exclusions was encouraged, and the price that timber companies paid for lumber harvested on certain public lands was lowered. Three similar projects have been proposed in the immediate region including a project along Tecuya Ridge in which a panel of federal appeals court judges recently found the Forest Service in violation of the Roadless Rule. Another, on Mt. Pinos, is scheduled for approval this summer. 

The organizations filing the lawsuit are Los Padres ForestWatch, Keep Sespe Wild Committee, Earth Island Institute, and American Alpine Club, collectively represented by the Environmental Defense Center; along with the Center for Biological Diversity, California Chaparral Institute, and Patagonia Works, represented by the Center for Biological Diversity. The County of Ventura and the City of Ojai each filed similar suits simultaneously with the other plaintiff groups. The cases will likely be combined and considered together. 

For more information about the logging project, a list of frequently asked questions, ways to donate to the legal fund, and a list of partners, allies, and elected officials who are calling for the protection of Pine Mountain, visit protectpinemountain.org 

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Sun Apr 30, 2022 04:04 PM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

Importance of Fungi in Forest Ecosystems

https://apps.fs.usda.gov/r6_decaid/views/fungi.html#:~:text=%20Importance%20of%20Fungi%20in%2
0Forest%20Ecosystems%20,recycle%20carbon%2C%20minerals%2C%20and%20nutrients%20for...
%20More%20

Mycorrhizal associates - Mycorrhizal fungi form mutualistic symbioses with host plant roots, increasing plant water and nutrient uptake in exchange for carbon
Decomposers – Wood and litter decay fungi recycle carbon, minerals, and nutrients for use by other organisms, and contribute to the soil matrix physical properties. Fungal fruiting bodies are a major agent of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium export from logs, particularly in the early stages of decomposition
Wildlife food sources - Fungi provide an important food source for many species, including microbes, arthropods, nematodes, and mammals
Edibles and medicinals - The harvest of edible and medicinal fungi, including chanterelles, morels, matsutake, boletes, truffles, ganoderma (reishi) and others is a growing industry, particularly in the Pacific Northwest

Luvaduck Apr 29, 2022 07:32 PM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

Is there an established way to separate commercial logging from clearing out hazardous debris logging? They'd overlap some, but what proportion and how to both cut fire risk and minimized harm to the forest? Hopefully, that's been investigated at length and best-effort will be implemented.

Ahlia Apr 29, 2022 01:45 PM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

Allowing a logging company to go in and take an "unlimited anount" of ANY trees they want can NEVER be something that is good for the forest ! Logging Co's are interested in taking the biggest/oldest and best trees. They aren't going to be thinning and clearing out dead stuff . They don't make any money doing that. Take a look at what a forest that has been logged becomes and you will be horrified. They leave behind stumps of any height they choose to and any branches not considered good enough. It is a very sad sight indeed. This project is NOT one that is "good" for the forest at all :-(

CreekMoe Apr 29, 2022 12:38 PM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

Back in the day, some forest gurus arrested and fined a senior citizen for harvesting
manzanita branches for his wood carving hobby. it was probably some habitat and
an unlawful native spirit area too.
So the old forest and manzanita went up like a match a year later.
Need to follow the science.

photodude Apr 29, 2022 10:45 AM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

AAAAargh!!!

You can't have it both ways. Intense preservation of back country trees and other old growth goes against nature, i.e., "Smokey the Bears says Only You Can Prevent Forest Fires", etc.

This mindset builds up a huge fuel reserve of both healthy, diseased, and dead growth. We have all seen the result: forest fires that rage out of control and take a week,, or more , to extinguish.

The forest service is reticent to do controlled burns when wet conditions exist that would allow some control. If a fire gets started by a natural occurrence (lightning), or somebody else (Edison wires), then the forest service is not financially responsible.

If the forest service starts a controlled burn, and it gets out of control, structures burn, and they are financially responsible.

Mechanically removing growth that would be burned in a controlled burn is a prudent way to reduce fire danger (read revert to the way it used to be eons ago).

Perhaps there is a middle ground here where the forest service marks those trees for retention that are disease free and robust enough to withstand what would be a natural fire.

Back country fires are natural, and have been occurring for eons.

A few decades ago, there was a forest fire in Yellowstone. The forest service let it burn as it was burning away from any structures. It burned for more than a week, and finally burned itself out, just the way it would have done naturally (eons ago).

Those who don't study history are destined to repeat it.

SBZZ Apr 28, 2022 08:56 AM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

The USFS is a fraud for promoting this as forest "health" or fire prevention when it is merely a work- and revenue-generating project – this was clearly exposed during the public review process. Discouraging that they approved it after so much opposition – guess they had to go through with it to save face. So many better ways to use our energy in improving the forest. What a disaster.

Chip of SB Apr 28, 2022 12:17 PM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

Sail, I think that is a likely outcome if these efforts to block the restoration of the forest succeed for long enough. More and more trees will die from pests and disease, dead vegetation will build up, and sooner or later the natural cycle of fire will reintroduce itself with devastating consequences. If the project is completed, the forest will become healthier and more resilient and future fires will not be destructive to the beautiful mature trees that we all want to protect for future generations.

Chip of SB Apr 28, 2022 08:50 AM
Legal Actions Challenge Huge Logging Project in Los Padres National Forest

Here is the USFS explanation of why the project is necessary and what it is intended to accomplish. “ On May 8, 2020, Los Padres National Forest introduced a plan to protect areas of Pine Mountain and Reyes Peak on the boundary of the Ojai and Mt. Pinos Ranger Districts that are at extreme risk due to overstocking and the devastating impacts of disease and insect infestation. The Reyes Peak Forest Health and Fuels Reduction Project lays within a federally designated Insect and Disease Treatment Area where declining forest health conditions have put the area at risk for substantial tree mortality over the next 15 years. The primary goal of this project is to reduce tree densities and promote forest resilience to insect and disease, persistent drought, and wildfire. To address these threats, professional Forest managers will selectively thin specific areas to enhance forest health across 755 acres that extend along Pine Mountain between state Highway 33 and Reyes Peak in Ventura County.”

https://www.fs.usda.gov/detailfull/lpnf/home/?cid=FSEPRD764823

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