Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children" title=
Plaque at the Santa Barbara County Courthouse (Photo: Oscar Gutierrez)
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By Jerry Roberts of Newsmakers

A few yards from a busy entrance to the historic Santa Barbara County Courthouse, two weather-worn plaques, affixed to a sandstone boulder, attest to California's Spanish Colonial period -- in words that seem painful and problematic in our present moment.

The inscription on the older of the two plaques, rendered in all capital letters, reads as follows:

"IN HONOR OF GOV. GASPAR DE PORTOLA
HIS OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS AND
FRAY JUAN CRESPI (DIARIST) THE
FIRST WHITE MEN TO MARCH
THROUGH THE WILDERNESS OF
CALIFORNIA, ARRIVED AT SANTA
BARBARA AUG. 18-20, 1769 AND
CAMPED IN THIS VICINITY.
SANTA BARBARA CHAPTER
DAUGHTERS OF THE
AMERICAN REVOLUTION
1927".
Photo: Oscar Gutierrez

The second, attached to the opposite side of the stone, reads:

"IN HONOR OF
THE FIRST WHITE WOMEN AND
CHILDREN OF THE THIRTY FAMILIES
WHO MARCHED THROUGH CALIFORNIA
WITH THE COLONIZATION EXPEDITION
OF
JUAN BAUTISTA DE ANZA
AND CAMPED NEAR HERE MAY 1776
SANTA BARBARA CHAPTER
DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
1938".

An alert Newsmakers reader, who requested anonymity, sent us an image of one of the panels, concerned about the message it sends, particularly at a time of nationwide unrest over racism and the removal and tearing down of Confederate statues and other historic markers.

"Plaque greeting visitors to the Courthouse!" they wrote, protesting the presence of the marker on the grounds of Santa Barbara's most iconic landmark, visited by thousands of tourists a year,

Photo: Oscar Gutierrez

Gregg's outraged

Objecting to "the offensive, racist language" of the plaques, Board of Supervisors President Gregg Hart told us last night that he intends to see they are "removed as soon as possible" from the Courthouse grounds.

"I'd like them removed as soon as tomorrow," Hart told Newsmakers.

The 1927 plaque, dated two years before the Courthouse was completed, is catalogued on the Historical Marker Database, which describes more than 115,000 historical markers in the nation; the listing notes other plaques on the grounds, including "The First Ruling Sovereign of Europe to Visit America," "President Reagan Meets Queen Elizabeth II" and "Tympanum."

Portola was a soldier and administrator of Spain's Viceroyalty of New Spain colony, who explored and expanded its Las Californias province far north, from Baja California to San Francisco Bay.

The 1938 plaque is along the route of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail, which recalls the 1,200 mile expedition of the New Spain military officer that established the first colonial settlement near San Francisco. The trail is managed by the National Park Service; the Courthouse marker, however, is not listed on its website, although five other sites in Santa Barbara County, including El Presidio de Santa Barbara, are.

"My first reaction to seeing the plaques was total confusion," said City Council member Oscar Gutierrez, who kindly took fresh photos of both plaques for a quarantined Newsmakers geezer after we showed him the image we were sent.

"Why would the Daughters of the American Revolution be honoring a Spanish colonizer's religious mission on public and state land? Why are those facts not noted on the plaques but their skin color is?" he said. "The plaques don't seem to be completely historically accurate or acknowledge the consequences of the colonizers' actions. I'm glad the county is taking action."

The DAR

California members of the Daughters of the American Revolution have been active in sponsoring other markers and sites of the historic trail around the state.

Founded in 1890, after women were rejected for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution, DAR is a non-profit that, among other activities, promotes historic preservation. Membership, which the group claims at more than 1 million women, is based on genealogy: new members must prove "lineal descent from a patriot of the American Revolution."

Viewed as a conservative organization, the DAR in the last century had a fraught history of racism, and did not admit a Black member until 1977.

Last month, however, amid the protests over the killing of George Floyd, a Black man, by a white police officer in Minneapolis, the organization released a statement called "The DAR's continuing commitment to equality," which stated that "our organization condemns racism. Bias, prejudice and intolerance have no place in the DAR or America."

Efforts to reach a DAR representative last night were unsuccessful.*

[Editor's Note: The below update by Jerry Roberts includes a response from DAR]


SB's DAR Leader Agrees Courthouse Markers Should Go -- Suggests Possible "Replacement Plaques"

The leader of Santa Barbara's Daughters of the American Revolution chapter on Monday agreed that two controversial plaques on the Courthouse grounds that celebrate the Spanish Colonial period should be removed.

Jane Frederick, Regent of the Mission Canyon Chapter of the DAR, told Newsmakers that the plaques, dated 1927 and 1938, were donated by now-defunct branches of the national non-profit group.

"We don't object," to the removal of the two markers, Frederick said. "The reconsideration of colonization is completely under scrutiny right now, and they need to come down."

As we reported earlier, the older marker commemorates the arrival in Santa Barbara of an expedition led by colonial governor Gaspar de Portola in 1769, identified as "the first white men to march through the wilderness of California." The other honors "the first white women and children who marched through California," and encamped nearby, with a group of families led by Juan Bautista de Anza in 1776.

After learning of the two markers, Board of Supervisors Chair Gregg Hart denounced their "racist and offensive language" and said he would see to their removal. Both he and Frederick confirmed Monday that they spoke after our post was published.

"He was really wanting to be reassured that we wouldn't object," to the removal, Frederick told us. "Jane supports removing the plaques," said Gregg.

A 1972 and 1976 member of the USA Olympic Track and Field Team, who set the first official world record in the women's heptathlon, Frederick said she became concerned about the language of the markers when she first learned of them after becoming active in the DAR several years ago; as the current chapter Regent, she said, she now has surveyed the executive board and there is "consensus" for supporting Hart's move.

The DAR is active in historic preservation and Frederick added that the local chapter will consider the appropriateness of a possible "plaque replacement" for the Courthouse marker; the group will "investigate whether the events honored were important enough" to deserve historic commemoration and, if so, determine what updated, "collaborative language" is appropriate for describing them.

"We'll talk about what's next," she added.

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OWLworks Jul 15, 2020 09:04 AM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

Fiesta celebrates the atonement and reconciliation with history through arts/ music/traditional dances foods of many peoples--and we celebrate the culture of people coming together not to hate one another with malicious slander, violent intent and competition, but to express the joy of accepting one another and sharing traditions. That was the actual history of SB--along with our parade about the variety of horse that the Spanish introduced in North American which gave control and power to Native tribes in their struggle to survive. Those so called "whites" haven't been white for ages--all born here--natives, folks.

sacjon Jul 15, 2020 11:06 AM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

Get rid of these plaques, change racist names, take down confederate (traitor) statues, but keep our Fiesta. Maybe change the name and the primary focus of Fiesta to celebrate other cultures (Spanish, Mexican, Native American) and give opportunities for us to learn about their music, their dances, their traditions. Yeah, Fiesta is usually associated with drinking and partying, but it really IS a celebration of others. We should definitely add more emphasis on the local Chumash history though. Maybe change it from "Old Spanish Days" to "Santa Barbara Days?" Put the focus on our history and recognition of the cultures and people here before us.

NostraChumash Jul 15, 2020 11:18 AM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

A few years ago, I presented an idea to city gov called
"New Spanish days", which would be an all-inclusive "ecumenical"
version of what we have now..
Nope.
p.s...the historical segments presented here regarding the Chumash..are incorrect due to the current available info.
The Western version of our story is perpetuation of mis-information..like "The island of the blue dolphin" is a made-up story, used as an attempt to make SB relevant during the time of Ishi & the Yahi's...but thanks for trying.

a-1594843059 Jul 15, 2020 12:57 PM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

It is amazing that well-documented factual history--often from the actual Chumash community in past decades are erased by anecdotal accusations by you that cannot be verified, and are not even part of fantasy history on both sides only intended make you all look better that you were. We are all not a color, but imperfect. Yanolani would love to take you on with this deconstruction. There were friendly relations and ceremonies shared. There was peace and prosperity until the post-Spanish period.
Yes, you had 10,000 years of a lifespan of less than 40 years alive, plus disasters and disease before the Spanish. There are many tribal wars-- weapons and bashed in heads found --all well documented. This is not hate based hysterics --and your hostile account do not match the Chumash people I have known personally and the stories of mixed families, as they were encouraged to inter-marry. So who is bad? Which half of a person will you damn.
Migrations always lead to serious cultural change. But we don't have to pretend oral tradition can undue actual records, and measurable factual knowledge. We NOW have mutual respect for all tribal people although we cannot really identify them any longer--we are all mixed up now! Literally. Especially you wanting to destroy other facts of movement of peoples, including yours. These were growing colonies for advancement of a better life, religions here
in Santa Barbara and not slavery, crime or war. Is everything you believe a truth just because you believe it and we have to also? Where are these documents?

PitMix Jul 15, 2020 11:59 AM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

Birth certificates in CA didn't have a hispanic classification in the old days, so those said "white". Not sure what they say now. Someone knowledgeable on cultural issues says that your culture is determined by how you are raised, with some exceptions. I am 3/16ths hispanic but was raised in white culture so it would be a reach for me to call myself hispanic. The exceptions have to do with a situation where a black child is adopted by a white family- society is generally going to see them as black, not white.

Luvaduck Jul 15, 2020 11:57 AM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

Some of this erase public markers that don't conform to current sensibilities is long overdue, but some of it is just silly. Should astronomy's "black hole" become "hole of color" and "white glove" treatment be eliminated altogether? How about "Indian Summer", "Indianna", "Chief Justice", "whitewash" and "black ball"? And if you can emasculate someone, shouldn't effeminate be what a total hysterectomy is called?

PitMix Jul 15, 2020 02:00 PM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

More weak what-about arguments. Privileged people hate to be inconvenienced in any way. Probably if you researched most of those names you would find some negative connection to our history. The exception is probably black hole because no light can emanate from them. Personally, if someone tells me their preferred pronouns and cultural label, I consider it polite behavior to use them and I don't feel diminished at all.

PitMix Jul 16, 2020 09:46 AM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

It's really not okay to lump all of the pinkish people in as "whites". But historically belonging to that group has not resulted in widespread lynchings and segregation and lack of votes. So if you have the power, it doesn't matter so much what people call you. If you lack power, it matters a lot. But if we all got away from cultural labels and tried to see people as individuals, that would be a good thing.

SantaBarbaraObserver Jul 16, 2020 12:01 PM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

At the time of their migration west, Whites were the minority in CA and here... So in a strange way, this plaque is pretty much what a plaque celebrating people of color in Santa Barbara will appear to people 100 years from now - when almost everyone is some mix of many races and whites are long since passed over as the majority. People will look back on our obsession with race labels and say, huh? Not too mention these were Spaniards making them both Latin and White... Makes for a confusing dialog when you factor in the mixture of European and Indio that makes up modern Latin American DNA. We live in such a strange time...

NostraChumash Jul 16, 2020 11:41 AM
Historic Markers at SB Courthouse Celebrate Colonial Exploits of "White Men...White Women, Children"

A-159..
If your response is directed to me, then you have proven my entire post.
Documents?!..ha ha!
They are as valid as "Peace Treaties", which were signed by Presidents.
I am a "History keeper".
My family has volumes of volumes of our history..
Regalias, ceremonial pieces, ancient archeological finds (ours & yours)..
None of which SB will ever see.

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